Egypt embodies the contradictions of a number of Arab states in the way they treat the Palestinian question. Demonstrations are strictly forbidden in Egypt since President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi does not tolerate opposition, starting with the Muslim Brotherhood. However, in response to the first Israeli bombings in Gaza, the authorities gave a green light to some rallies in public places approved by the interior minister. These gatherings were presented as granting Sissi a mandate to defend the interests of the Palestinians at a hastily organised ‘peace summit’ in Cairo on 20 October. The regime deployed a large security and police presence, wary that feelings could get out of hand given the current economic tensions. Egyptian leaders also wanted to avert accusations of betrayal by a public which remains strongly opposed to the 1978 and 1979 peace accords with Israel. In spite of the tight security a few unofficial demonstrations also took place in the name of ‘Peace, freedom, Arab Palestine’, a reminder of other slogans hostile to President Hosni Mubarak in 2011. In Cairo, a few hundred protestors even broke through the security cordon and took over part of iconic Tahrir Square to shouts of ‘We’re not granting a mandate to anyone, this is a real demonstration’ and ‘Freedom, democracy, Palestine’.
https://mondediplo.com/2023/11/07egypt ‘Peace, freedom, Arab Palestine!’, by Akram Belkaïd (Le Monde diplomatique