In July 2022, Ukraine and Russia signed an agreement on grain exports in Istanbul to avoid food shortages. But the latest UN communiqué has been challenged by Russia. explanation.
and press release The United Nations of 19 January 2023,black sea grains initiativeWe have made it possible to supply the global market with 17.8 million tons of grain and other foodstuffs. They mostly come from Ukraine, “since August it has reached 43 countries, more than 40% of which are low-income countries (…). China is the first export destination, Spain his second , Turkey is his third.”
The UN added that 32 out of 100 vessels in Turkish waters are awaiting inspection, with the rest seeking to join the “initiative”. According to the United Nations, “The initiative also seeks to facilitate safe navigation of ammonia-containing fertilizer exports. Negotiations are underway on how to move ammonia through the Togliatti/Yuznhy pipeline.”
“Manipulation of Facts”
On 31 January 2023, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs press release We summarized the main points with high-precision figures that recall the “fact manipulation” by the United Nations.
“As of January 20, 2023, 668 ships carrying 18,224,860 tons of food left the ports of Odessa, Chernomorsk and Yuzhny within the framework of the implementation of the Black Sea Grain Initiative. Cargo , 46.1% are fodder maize, 5.9% – sunflower schlotte, 5.5% – oilseed rape and other fodder crops used for livestock nutrition.
Wheat only accounts for 27.57% of these shipments, but this product is at the center of the UN report. The aim is clear – to present the ‘correct’ humanitarian figures for aid to ’emerging countries’ (64% said). This figure includes countries such as Israel, South Korea, and the Gulf states for unknown reasons. Problems of economic development and food supply. “
“Only 551,527 tons (3%) were sent to the poorest countries (Somalia, Ethiopia, Yemen, Sudan, Afghanistan and Djibouti), of which 396,169 tons were transported on ships chartered by the United Nations World Food Program (2%). It should be noted that the share of these countries in the overall statistics has decreased, from almost 4% in the first 120 days of the cereals initiative to just 3% today. It is important to note that this was the reason for the hasty reclassification of the Black Sea Initiative from “humanitarian” to “commercial” and the refusal to release information about the recipients of the cargo under the pretext of commercial secrecy. is. “
100 ships in Turkish waters
The Russian statement also “has not confirmed UN data that there are more than 100 vessels in Turkish territorial waters in connection with the initiative, with an average waiting time of 21 days.” 64 ships are anchored in Ukrainian ports and inspection areas.The list that determines the order of their control and transit is established by the Ukrainian side, but Russian representatives have no influence on this. .
As for the Togliatti-Odessa Ammonia Pipeline, “Russians affirm that the technical capacity to revive the pipeline is in place and the companies that operate it are ready. is only Kyiv’s consent, blocking the delivery of fertilizer raw materials (enough to feed 200 million people), subject to a whole set of political preconditions, from the release of prisoners of war to assistance Sale of stolen goods The United Nations has actively sought to increase Ukrainian grain exports, but has not been active on this particular issue, citing ongoing negotiations. No one has participated in these contacts, so we don’t know who or what.”
“Economic Interests of Western Countries”
The conclusion of the Russian statement: “Under the guise of famine threats and rhetoric about global food security, this process really serves only the commercial interests of Ukrainians and the economic interests of Western beneficiaries. , including the manipulation and distortion of real situations, relevant to addressing the acute needs of Africa, Asia and Latin America.”
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https://frenchdailynews.com/society/food/7465-un-russia-the-war-of-communiques United Nations Russia: Battle of the Communiqué